In this guide, matter from living, or once-living, things. The area occupied by a community or species (group of animals or plants), such as a forest floor, desert or sea shore. Air pollution occurs when harmful chemicals and particles are emitted to the air – due to human activity or natural forces – at a concentration that interferes with human health or welfare or that harms the environment in other ways. The process of deliberately allowing food, garden and other suitable organic wastes to break down naturally over time to produce compost. Preserving or protecting animals and resources such as minerals, water and plants through planned action (such as breeding endangered species) or non-action (such as not letting taps run unnecessarily). The plants and animals that are native to a particular area or period of time. Radon has no smell, taste or colour and can seep into homes, building up to dangerous levels if there is not enough ventilation. Noises that disturb the environment and people’s ability to enjoy it, for example continually sounding house alarms, loud music, air conditioning or other electrical units and aircraft or motor engines. See also renewable energy. Since 1 January 2009, all homes being sold or rented must have a BER certificate. Environmental-science. The quality of a river basin affects the quality of water, so efforts to protect and improve water quality must often include plans for managing river basins. Social as well as scientific in focus, it provides comprehensive coverage of the social aspect of environmental science (including treaties, organisations, and agencies relating to the environment) and ecology, as well as biographies of key figures in the field. Examples of particulate matter include dust, smoke, soot, pollen and soil particles. An environmental tax that customers must pay when they accept a plastic or laminated bag from a retailer. Chapter 1-7 key terms. The pattern of weather in a particular region over a set period of time, usually 30 years. Carbon Monoxide has no smell, taste or colour. Fixed fees that must be paid for a certain period, often a year, to continue receiving a service. A public plan that sets out the development objectives and policies of a local authority for its area. Over the years, there have been many opinions on how to manage public lands. remain diverse and produce everything it needs for the ecology to remain in balance Smog can cause eye irritations and breathing problems and damage plant life. The waste is first sorted mechanically into materials that can and cannot be recycled. An international treaty joined by 192 countries that has the goal of preventing ‘dangerous’ human interference with the climate system and sets general rules for tackling climate change. Being unable to heat a home to a safe and comfortable level because of low household income or having to spend more than 10% of household income to heat a home to a comfortable level because the home is not energy efficient. Ireland has a temperate climate, in which it doesn’t get too hot or too cold. A system run by the Sustainable Energy Authority of Ireland (SEI) to provide grants to homeowners who intend to install in their existing homes a new renewable energy heating system, for example heat  pumps, solar panels or wood chip or pellet boilers. Environmental science, interdisciplinary academic field that draws on ecology, geology, meteorology, biology, chemistry, engineering, and physics to study environmental problems and human impacts on the environment. Being exposed to high levels of radon gas over a long period of time increases the risk of developing lung cancer. Another word for environmental science. A vehicle such as a car or small van that is scrapped and sent for recycling. Environmental science is a quantitative discipline with both applied and theoretical aspects and has been influential in informing the policies of governments around the world. (Source: US EPA). All types of energy derived from biomass, including biofuels. They are food for fish and small aquatic animals. The less energy an appliance uses, the better it is for the environment and the more you will save on your bill. See waste prevention. For more information on how to check radon levels see our radiation section. Decks in this Class (23): Chapter 1 Science And Sustainability. See carbon offset. Examples include bye-laws covering waste disposal, traffic or public events or signs. All WEEE left in retail outlets and civic amenity sites are collected for recycling. Homes are placed on a scale from A to G. A-rated homes need the least amount of energy while G-rated need the most. Environmental science deals with the interactions between the physical, chemical, and biological components of the environment. A tiny parasite that can infect people if it is present in drinking water. A source of fuel made from living and recently-dead plant materials such as wood, leaves and the biodegradable part of industrial and municipal waste. Short for Building Energy Rating, which says how much energy a home needs for heating, lighting and hot water. Environmental Science Terms. Tap card to see definition . A community of organisms that depend on each other and the environment they inhabit. A measure of the level of pollution in the air. They can affect water quality adversely by lowering the dissolved oxygen in the water. The warming of the Earth’s atmosphere caused by increasing levels of gases, such as water vapour and carbon dioxide. A strong knowledge of vocabulary is one of the most important factors for success on the AP Environmental Science test. Highly toxic chemicals that can be formed in small amounts from forest fires or volcanoes but more often are produced unintentionally from industrial activities and from incinerating waste and burning fossil fuels. A resource that can be used again and again without reducing its supply because it is constantly topped up, for example wind or sun rays. (0) Environmental science is defined as a branch of biology focused on the study of the relationships of the natural world and the relationships between organisms and their … Other charges may apply depending on the use of the service over a given period of time. Radiation can be ionising or non-ionising. A scheme operated by the Sustainable Energy Authority of  Ireland to provide grants to certain homeowners to improve the energy efficiency of their home. This bundle includes 27 crossword puzzles with all the vocabulary students will need for the APES exam. Additional definitions have been sourced from the European Environment Agency and the US Environmental Protection Agency. An international agreement signed in Japan in 1997, attached to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change. Some gases have a strong smell, for example sulphur dioxide and methane, while others, such as carbon monoxide, do not have any smell at all. A wheelie bin used in certain local authorities to collect dry cardboard, paper, tins and other recyclable waste, including certain plastics. Examples include standing charges for bin collections or gas supply. (Source: US EPA), Sudden spurts of algal growth, which can affect water quality adversely and indicate potentially hazardous changes in local water chemistry. It is removed from the atmosphere by photosynthesis in plants and by dissolving in water, especially on the surface of oceans. Level. Much significant legislation, good and bad, was passed before the advent of the Environmental Movement and an even greater amount since that time. A colourless gas that is naturally produced from animals and people in exhaled air and the decay of plants. These may take a long time to break down and attract unwanted pests. the study of natural processes in the environment and how humans can affect them Waste produced within the home, including garden waste. A short form of the phrase ‘biological diversity’, which means the variety of life on this planet and how it interacts within habitats and ecosystems. The payment usually funds projects that generate energy from renewable sources such as wind or flowing water. See also composting. Short for Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE), which are any unwanted devices with a plug or battery – from a remote control or digital camera to a vacuum cleaner or fridge freezer.
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