The disaster had a major impact on ferry safety, leading to changes in safety regulations as well as in life-raft design,[18] much as the Titanic disaster did in 1912. [5] Shortly after the incident, Stefan Torssell was hired at the Swedish Maritime Administration and met the victims families and … According to survivor accounts, the ship sank stern first after taking a list of 90 degrees. Candles are seen next to the names of victims during a ceremony to mark the 25th anniversary of a maritime disaster when MS Estonia, carrying 803 … Pursuant to an agreement concluded between Estonia, Finland and Sweden a "Joint Accident Investigation Commission" for the investigation of the capsizing of the passenger vessel MV ESTONIA on 28 September 1994 was set up on 29 September 1994, in … On the morning of September 28th 1994 the Swedish public awoke to horrifying images from the Baltic sea of people gripping for life in the icy cold water. At least twice, the Swedish Navy has discovered diving operations at the wreck. The ferry quickly listed to starboard and sank into the frigid Baltic Sea in less than 45 minutes under circumstances which can only be described as mysterious. The ferry sank to the depth of 74 to 85 metres (243 to 279 ft) of water. ERR News is the English-language service of Estonian Public Broadcasting, run by a fully independent editorial team.To read up on ERR News' comments rules and to contact ERR's other services, please follow the link below.Staff, contacts & comments. See more ideas about viro, kuorma-auto, lomakohteet. Seven over 55 years of age survived and there were no survivors under age 12. The MS Estonia consisted of 11 decks, counting from the lowest (0) to the highest (10). The JAIC cited results from Germany's Federal Institute for Materials Research and Testing, which found that Jutta Rabe's samples did not prove an explosion occurred. The wreck's location is monitored by radar by the Finnish Navy.[38]. As a result, the ship was actually registered in both Cyprus and Estonia. Most of the victims of the September 1994 ferry sinking were trapped inside after the Estonia capsized in bad weather and heavy seas off the coast of Finland, on a journey from Tallinn to Stockholm. On the night of September 27-28, 1994, the ferry MS Estonia, carrying 989 passengers between Tallinn and Stockholm, sank in the Baltic Sea, hit by hard weather and winds measuring 9 on the Beaufort scale, which caused enormous waves. [JAIC 8], In 1999, special training requirements in crowd and crisis management and human behaviour were extended to crew on all passenger ships, and amendments were made to watch-keeping standards. With 852 victims from 17 different countries, the sinking of the Estonia was Europe's most severe passenger ferry disaster. All scheduled passenger ferries were at sea. Wilson, Drew (2006), "The Hole: Another look at the sinking of the Estonia Ferry on September 28th 1994". [28] The Swedish and Estonian governments subsequently launched separate investigations, which both confirmed that non-explosive military equipment was aboard the ship on 14 and 20 September 1994. [JAIC 1]. On 29 June 1980, Viking Sally was delivered to Rederi Ab Sally, Finland and was put into service on the route between Turku, Mariehamn and Stockholm[5][6] (during summer 1982 on the Naantali–Mariehamn–Kapellskär route). After the tragedy, the decision was made not to salvage the Estonia and give the victims a land burial, but instead to leave the ship on the seabed with the bodies interred inside. This prompted the Estonian prime minister and foreign minister to meet with their Swedish and Finnish equivalents and announce that a "new technical investigation" would take place. Sweden’s government decision follows the screening of a new footage that revealed a wide hole in the ferry’s hull, on the starboard side. After the Estonia sank in a storm off Finland, investigators said that a bow door had been bashed in by heavy seas. The Estonia. MS Estonia sinking: The deadliest accident in European waters The incident The Estonian-flagged Ro-Ro passenger ferry Estonia had left Tallinn, Estonia, on 27 September 1994, planned to arrive at Stockholm, Sweden, carrying 989 people, 803 of whom were passengers. With 852 victims from 17 different countries, the sinking of the Estonia was Europe’s most severe passenger ferry disaster. The MS Estonia ferry sank as it was crossing from Tallinn to Stockholm in September 1994, killing 852 people. The ferry MS Estonia sank in the early hours of 28 September 1994 while en route from Tallinn to Stockholm. [5], Originally the ship was conceived as a sister ship to Diana II, built in 1979 by the same shipyard for Rederi AB Slite, the third partner in Viking Line. [25], Alternative theories exist about the cause of the sinking. Estonia sank overnight in the Baltic Sea back in 1994 killing 852 people on board; It was the second deadliest peacetime sinking of a European ship since Titanic Dental identification was established in 57 cases (60%). The ferry quickly listed to starboard and sank into the frigid Baltic Sea in less than 45 minutes under circumstances which can only be described as mysterious. On the night of September 27-28, 1994, the ferry MS Estonia, carrying 989 passengers between Tallinn and Stockholm, sank in the Baltic Sea, hit by hard weather and winds measuring 9 on the Beaufort scale, which caused enormous waves. Most died by drowning and hypothermia, as the water temperature was 10–11 °C/50–52 °F. 503)", "Chapter 13.5 – Failure sequence of bow visor and ramp", "Figure 3.4 Approximate field of vision from the bridge. [35][36] As a preliminary step, thousands of tons of pebbles were dropped on the site. The locks failed and the bow fell of the vessel, giving free access to the cargo decks that quickly filled with water. (June 2009) "Failure Analysis of the Estonia.". The Finnish Disaster Victim Identification (DVI) team identified all 93 victims recovered from the sea within 33 days of the This contributed to the rapid sinking. [20] The subsequent failure of the bow ramp allowed water into the vehicle deck, which was identified as the main cause of the capsizing and sinking:[19] RORO ferries with their wide vehicle decks are particularly vulnerable to capsizing if the car deck is even slightly flooded because of free surface effect: the fluid's swirling motion across such a large area hampers the boat's ability to right itself after rolling with a wave. Former prime minister Mart Laar said a new investigation into the circumstances of the MS Estonia's demise should certainly get underway following footage aired in a documentary this week which showed a gaping hole in the wreck's hull, but added baseless speculation should be avoided. [13] Over the next 10 minutes, similar noises were reported by passengers and other crew. [14] Esa Mäkelä, the captain of Silja Europa who was appointed on-scene commander for the subsequent rescue effort, described the weather as "normally bad", or like a typical autumn storm in the Baltic Sea. Now, the victims have more reasons than ever to continue demanding answers from the governments of Sweden, Estonia and Finland, which during these years have been reluctant to continue investigating what happened. [JAIC 4] The official report indicated that the locks on the bow door had failed from the strain of the waves and the door had separated from the rest of the vessel, pulling the ramp behind it ajar. She was carrying 989 people: 803 passengers and 186 crew. MS Estonia On September 27, 1994, MS Estonia left Tallinn with 989 passengers on board and in the night it wrecked in the Baltic Sea . No need to register, buy now! [JAIC 2] The commission estimated that up to 310 passengers reached the outer decks, 160 of whom boarded the life-rafts or lifeboats.[17]. The sinking of the ferry vessel MS Estonia in the Baltic Sea marks the second-deadliest peacetime sinking of a European ship, after the Titanic, as well as the deadliest peacetime shipwreck to have taken place in European waters. [7] ERR kasutab oma veebilehtedel http küpsiseid. Passenger facilities were located on decks 6, 5, 4, 1, while the crew members occupied the decks 9 and 7. New evidence emerges in Europe’s worst peacetime maritime disaster - the sinking of MS Estonia in 1994 The passenger ferry MS Estonia in the docks in Tallinn. The first sign of trouble aboard Estonia was when a metallic bang was heard, caused by a heavy wave hitting the bow doors around 01:00, when the ship was on the outskirts of the Turku archipelago, but an inspection—limited to checking the indicator lights for the ramp and visor—showed no problems. Had they been activated automatically, it would have been immediately obvious that the ship was in distress and the location would have been clear. Diver enters cabin 6129 on deck 6 through window, then exploring corridor and reporting that "bits of flesh (from decaying victims) are floating around". It was the worst post-war maritime disaster in Europe, claiming 852 lives. Around 12 AM, many passengers heard terrible noises from the cargo deck. [5][6] The reason for this was that Silja's new ship for Helsinki–Stockholm service was built behind schedule and one of the Turku–Stockholm ships, Wellamo, was transferred to that route until the new ship was complete in November 1990. The following spring Silja Star began her service with Wasa Line, another company owned by EffJohn. At about 01:20, a quiet female voice called "Häire, häire, laeval on häire", Estonian for "Alarm, alarm, there is alarm on the ship", over the public address system, which was followed immediately by an internal alarm for the crew, then one minute later by the general lifeboat alarm. Report to the Chancellor of Justice in Sweden, 12 September 2006, "1994: Hundreds feared dead in ferry disaster", "Chronological narrative of the sinking by City Paper", Estonian/Finnish/Swedish Accident Investigation Commission (JAIC) Final Report, YouTube: Complete radio conversations (audio), YouTube: MS Estonia - discovering the hole, Shipwrecks and maritime incidents in 1994, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=MS_Estonia&oldid=1002295052, Articles with dead external links from October 2010, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles needing additional references from October 2020, All articles needing additional references, Articles needing additional references from September 2017, CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Lamento, for organ ("Lament over the Estonia Catastrophe") by, Johnson, Kent L. & Smith, Kenneth M.Jr. Recommendations for modifications to be a sister ship to t… Life-raft from the and... 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